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  Padikepuhela Tank Renovation Project  
     
   
 

 

 
     
   Project Basics  
     
 
Project Name: Developing community-led strategies and infrastructure to ensure adaptation to drought.
     
Project Background: Padikepuhela, Pilimahelaand Thammennawa villages in the Seenukkuwa DS Division are villages established under the Kirindi Oya Project, an irrigation and settlement project implemented in the early 1980s. Although the people were settled under the project, they lack resources and opportunities. Since then, the people in this area are engaged in agricultural activities during the north-east monsoon season only as there is no water in the rest of the year.
     
    The changes in climate have made this situation worse, as the untimely rains and occasional droughts impacted the established natural systems, and weather patterns have changed.
     
Project formation: GMSL identified water for agriculture as a critical requirement for the people in these three villages and decided to renovate an abandoned tank in Padikepuhela and supply water to two more villages (Pilimahela and Thammennawa) through a community-led management mechanism. The tank proposed contained a bund of 4.5m in height, 400m in length and contained 30mlong spill. This was aimed to benefit forty five families.
     
    The GMSL applied a community-centred approach in this project and the community knowledge was taken in to account in the planning process. It was planned as a multi-focus approach for livelihood development.
     
Objective: Ensuring access to water for forty five families throughout the year
     
Project Area: Padikepuhela, Pilimahela and Thammennawa villages in the Seenukkuwa GN Division in Monaragala District in the Uva Province of Sri Lanka
     
Duration: January 2011 December 2013 (Completed)
     
Donor/ Funder: UNDP GEF/SGP Community Based Adaptation
     
Donor page links: UNDP GEF/ SGP Website - Project 1 & Project 2
     
     

 Project Activities and Achievements

     
     
 
Activity Achievements
Formulate technical survey report This was completed with the expert support of Irrigation Department of Uva Province. Necessary drawings and estimates about tank-bund, sluice gate and spill were made.
Create community-based plan to build the tank and related infrastructures. The plan was developed through five community meetings. Villagers volunteered to the project according to a community-developed routine - a family volunteered once for eleven days and for a day four families volunteered. Necessary maps were drawn at the meetings using community knowledge.
Renovation of the tank 1. Clean the vicinity of the tank - The area covered with clusters of shrubs was cleared.

2. Construct the bund A bund with a length of 420m and 2.15m wide was constructed. The average height of the bund was 3.8 metres with the highest point 5.1 metres high from the ground level. Over 4,000 cubes of earth were used for the bund.
     

 

     
3. Establish sluice gate The sluice gate with one feet wide door was in place and the front side was made with concrete.
     

 

     
4. Spill System 3-metre wide and 27-metre long spill has been completed.
     

 

     
5. Other activities Other activities completed include the completion of the rip-rap to upstream side of the bund - 175 squares, application of a layer of turf through the inner and upper range of the bund, turfing of bund on both the inner and outer surfaces of the bund and a set of stairs to reach in to the tank were completed.
     

 

     
Establishing adaptive agriculture practices Training on water and soil conservation practices was provided.
New perennial fruit plants to agriculture plot (Mango, Papaya, Banana, etc.) were introduced.
Introducing alternative livelihoods Following were conducted
- Three sewing machines distributed
- Three milk containers distributed
- Vocational training provided for school leavers
Establishing optional marketing system To sell agriculture product and strengthen women (Widows) of the village.
Create a water management committee to manage the water provision process The committee was formed and reliable and skilful people were selected to the committee.
     
     

 Project Impacts and Reporting

     
Project impacts: The tank is complete and expected to cater to the water demand for both day-to-day activities and agriculture in the drought periods.

Securing agricultural livelihoods for villagers within the village.

The tank has increased the water table.

Prevents forest animals from entering the village in their search for water.

The availability of water has reduced the migration of males to adjacent districts in search of labour, and reducing the burden of women.

Drought adaptive agricultural practices were promoted among villagers subsequent to the tank renovation.

     
Project Reports/ Publications/ News: Currently not available
     
 
     
 
 
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Last updated: 24 February, 2015